Tyler Volk

Professor of Biology, Environmental Studies
Ph.D. 1984 (applied science), M.S. 1982 (applied science), New York; B.S. 1971 (architecture), Michigan.

Office Address:
New York University
Department of Biology
1009 Silver Center
100 Washington Square East
New York, NY 10003-6688

Phone: (212) 998-3736
Fax: (212) 995-4015
Personal Homepage

Areas of Research/Interest:
Environmental challenges to global prosperity, metapatterns and principles of form and function in systems, CO2 and global change, the role of life in Earth dynamics

External Affiliations
Collaborative research on crop growth and development with Utah State University, NASA Ames Research Center, and NASA Kennedy Space Flight Center. Collaborations with many others, depending on topic.

Two NASA Summer Faculty fellowships at Ames Research Center and one at Johnson Space Center.

Google Scholar profile

Publications in Archival Journals and Books

pdf versions of many of these, especially the more recent ones, can be accessed from my personal website: http://metapatterns.wikidot.com/members:tylervolk

Volk, T. It’s not the entropy you produce, rather, how you produce it, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365, 1317-1322, 2010.

Volk, T. Thermodynamics and civilization: From ancient rivers to fossil fuel energy servants, Climatic Change, 95, 433-438, 2009.

T. Volk. How the biosphere works, in Gaia in Turmoil: Climate Change, Biodepletion, and Earth Ethics in an Age of Crisis (eds: E. Crist and B. Rinker), The MIT Press, 2009, 27-40.

Volk, T. and Bloom, J.W. The use of metapatterns for research into complex systems of teaching, learning, and schooling, Part I: Metapatterns in nature and culture, Complicity: The International Journal of Complexity and Education, 4, 25-43, 2007.

Bloom, J.W. and Volk, T. The use of metapatterns for research into complex systems of teaching, learning, and schooling, Part II: Applications, Complicity: The International Journal of Complexity and Education, 4, 45-68, 2007.

Volk, T., Bloom, J.W., and J. Richards. Toward a science of metapatterns: Building upon Bateson’s foundation, Kybernetes: The International Journal of Cybernetics, Systems, and Management Sciences, 36, 1070-1080, 2007.

Volk. T. The properties of organisms are not tunable parameters selected because they create maximum entropy production on the biosphere scale: A by-product framework in response to Kleidon, Climatic Change, 85, 251-258, 2007.

Volk, T. Real concerns, false gods. Nature, 440, 869-870, 2006. (Review of The Revenge of Gaia, by James Lovelock).

Volk, T. Hope for mind on earth. BioScience, 55, 1088-1090, 2005. (Review of Earth System Analysis for Sustainability, edited by Schellnhuber et al.)

Volk, T. Gaia is life in a wasteworld of by-products. In Scientists Debate Gaia, edited by S. H. Schneider et al., MIT Press, 27-36, 2004.

Schwartzman, D.W., and T. Volk. Does life drive disequilibrium in the biosphere? In Scientists Debate Gaia, edited by S. H. Schneider et al., MIT Press, 129-135, 2004.

Hoffert, M.I., et al., including T. Volk. Response letter, under heading of “Planning for Future Energy Resouces.” Science, 300, 582-583, 2003.

Volk, T. Natural selection, Gaia, and inadvertent by-products:
A reply to Lenton and Wilkinson's response. Climatic Change, 58, 13-19, 2003.

Volk, T. Seeing deeper into Gaia theory: A reply to Lovelock’s response. Climatic Change, 57, 5-7, 2003.

Volk, T. A river runs through it (A scientist’s brush with death renews his connection to all life). Science and Spirit, 14, 2 (Mar.-Apr.), 50-53, 2003.

Bloom, J.W. and Volk, T. The use of metapatterns as analytical, design, and conceptual frameworks. Pre-conference workshop, Annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching. Philadelphia. March 23, 2003. (Booklet, 72 pages.)

Cavazzoni, J., F. Tubiello, T. Volk, and O. Monje. Modeling the effect of diffuse light on canopy photosynthesis in controlled environments, ActaHorticulturae, 593, 39-46, 2002. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Models for Plant Growth and Control in Greenhouses: Modeling for the 21st Century - Agronomic and Greenhouse Crop Models.

Hoffert, M.I., et al., including T. Volk. Advanced Technology Paths to Global Climate Stability: Energy for a Greenhouse Planet. Science, 298, 981-987, 2002.

Volk, T. Toward a future for Gaia theory. Climatic Change, 52, 423-430, 2002.

Volk, T. The cycling of materials by living systems. In Earth System Science (S. Guerzoni et al., eds.), Proceedings of International School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Universita degli Studi di Siena, 31-38, 2001.

Volk, T. Transformations between life and the global environment. In Earth System Science (S. Guerzoni et al., eds.), Proceedings of International School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Universita degli Studi di Siena, 39-42, 2001.

Volk, T., Forward to the book Writing the Natural Way (by Gabriele Rico), Tarcher/Putnam: New York, pp. xv-xvi, 2000.

Cavazonni, J., T. Volk, B. Bugbee, and T. Dougher, Phasic temperature control and photoperiod control for soybean using a modified Cropgro model, Life Support and Biosphere Science, 6, 273-278, 1999.

Tubiello, F.N., T. Mahato, T. Morton, J.W. Druitt, T. Volk, and B.D.V. Marino, Growing wheat in Biosphere 2 under elevated CO2: Observations and modeling, Ecological Engineering, 13, 273-286, 1999.

Volk, T., B. Bugbee, and F.N. Tubiello, Phasic temperature control appraised with the Ceres-wheat model, Life Support and Biosphere Science, 4, 49-54, 1997.

Tubiello, F.N., T. Volk, and B. Bugbee, Diffuse light and wheat radiation-use efficiency in a controlled environment, Life Support and Biosphere Science, 4, 77-85, 1997.

Cavazzoni, J., T. Volk, and G. Stutte, A modified Cropgro model for simulating soybean growth in controlled environments, Life Support and Biosphere Science, 4, 43-48, 1997.

Cavazzoni, J., and T. Volk, Assessing long-term impacts of increased crop productivity on atmospheric CO2, Energy Policy, 24, 403-412, 1996.

Volk, T., Considerations in miniaturizing simplified agro-ecosystems for advanced life support, Ecological Engineering, 6, 99-108, 1996.

Rampino, M. R. and T. Volk, Palaeozoic impact crater chain on the Earth?, Geophysical Research Letters, 23, 49-52, 1996.

Volk, T., B. Bugbee, and R.M. Wheeler, An approach to crop modeling with the energy cascade, Life Support and Biosphere Science, 1, 119-127, 1995.

Tubiello, F., C. Rosenzweig, and T. Volk, Interactions of CO2, temperature, and management practices: Simulations with a modified version of Ceres-wheat, Agricultural Systems, 49, 135-152, 1995.

Meleshko, G.I., Ye. Ya. Shepelev, M.M. Averner, and T. Volk, Biological Life Support Systems, Life Support and Habitability, Vol. 2 of Space Biology and Medicine, edited by F.M. Sulzman and A.M. Genin, AIAA, Washington, D.C., 357-394, 1994.

Volk, T., The soil's breath, Natural History, November, 48-54, 1994.

Schwartzman, D.W., S.N. Shore, T. Volk, and M. McMenamin, Self-organization of the earth's biosphere—geochemical or geophysiological?, Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, 24, 435-450, 1994.

Volk, T., Time to reset the great count, EOS, 75, 439, 1994.

Volk, T., Re-setting the great count, Nature, 370, 244, 1994.

Volk T. and R. Keeling, Summary of workshop on interannual variations in the carbon cycle, The Global Carbon Cycle, edited by M. Heimann, Springer-Verlag, 579-581, 1993.

Schwartzman, D., M. McMenamin, and T. Volk, Did surface temperatures constrain microbial evolution?, BioScience, 43, 390-393, 1993.

Volk, T., Comments on bioprocessing in space, Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 15, 899-900, 1993.

Volk, T., Cooling in the late Cenozoic, Scientific Correspondence, Nature, 361, 123, 1993.

Volk, T., When climate and life finally devolve, News and Views, Nature, 360, 707, 1992.

Barlow, C., and T. Volk, Gaia and evolutionary biology, BioScience, 42, 686-693, 1992.

Volk, T. and H. Cullingford, Crop growth and associated life support for a lunar farm, The Second Conference on Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century, edited by W. W. Mendell, NASA Publication CP-3166, 705 pp., 525-530, 1992.

Volk, T., and B. Bugbee, Modeling light and temperature effects on leaf emergence in wheat and barley, Crop Science, 31, 1218-1224, 1991.

Schwartzman, D. W., and T. Volk, Biotic enhancement of weathering and surface temperatures on Earth since the origin of life, Global and Planetary Change section of Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 90, 357-371, 1991.

Schwartzman, D. W., and T. Volk, Biotic enhancement of earth habitability, Encyclopedia of Earth System Science, Academic Press, Volume 1, 387-394, 1992.

Kump, L. R., and T. Volk, Gaia's garden and BLAG's greenhouse: Global biogeochemical climate regulation, Scientists on Gaia, edited by S. H. Schneider and P. J. Boston, MIT Press, 191-199, 1991.

Schwartzman, D. W., and T. Volk, Geophysiology and habitable zones around sun-like stars, Bioastronomy: The Search for Extraterrestrial Life—The Exploration Broadens, edited by J. Heidmann and M. J. Klein, Springer-Verlag, 155-162, 1991.

Caldeira, K., M. R. Rampino, T. Volk, and J. C. Zachos, Biogeochemical modeling at mass extinction boundaries: atmospheric carbon dioxide and ocean alkalinity at the K/T boundary, Extinction Events in Earth History, edited by E. G. Kauffman and O. H. Walliser, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin), 333-345, 1990.

Barlow, C., and T. Volk, Open living systems in a closed biosphere: A new paradox for the Gaia debate, BioSystems, 23, 371-384, 1990.

Bretherton, F. P., K. Bryan, and J. D. Woods, with contributors: J. Hanson, M. Hoffert, X. Jiang, S. Manabe, G. Meehl, S. C. B. Raper, D. Rind, M. Schlesinger, R. Stouffer, T. Volk, and T. M. L. Wigley, Time-dependent greenhouse-gas induced climate change, Climate Change: The IPCC Scientific Assessment, edited by J. T. Houghton, G. J. Jenkins, and J. J. Ephraums, for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 173-194, 1990.

Volk, T., Shaping Nature, The Sciences, vol. 30, 45-50, May/June 1990.

Volk, T., Effect of equatorial upwelling on atmospheric CO2 during the 1982-83 El Niño, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 3, 267-279, 1989.

Volk, T., and J. D. Rummel, The case for cellulose production on Mars, The Case For Mars III; Strategies for Exploration - Technical, Vol. 75, American Astronautical Society Science and Technology Series, pp. 87-94, 1989.

Volk, T., and R. Bacastow, The changing patterns of ∆pCO2 between ocean and atmosphere, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 3, 179-189, 1989.

Schwartzman, D. W., and T. Volk, Biotic enhancement of weathering and the habitability of Earth, Nature, 340, 457-460, 1989.

Volk, T., Sensitivity of climate and atmospheric CO2 to deep-ocean and shallow-ocean carbonate burial, Nature, 337, 637-640, 1989.

Volk, T., and J. D. Rummel, Transpiration during life cycle in controlled wheat growth, Advances in Space Research, 9, No. 8, (8)61-(8)64, 1989.

Volk, T., Effect on atmospheric CO2 from seasonal variations in the high latitude ocean, Advances in Space Research, 9, No. 8, (8)153-(8)157, 1989.

Volk, T., Rise of angiosperms as a factor in long-term climatic cooling, Geology, 17, 107-110, 1989.

Volk, T., and Z. Liu, Controls on CO2 sources and sinks in the earthscale surface ocean: temperature, nutrients, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2, 73-89, 1988.

Rampino, M. R., and T. Volk, Mass extinctions, atmospheric sulphur and climatic warming at the K/T boundary, Nature, 332, 63-65, 1988.

Volk, T., and J. D. Rummel, Mass balances for a biological life support system simulation model, Advances in Space Research, 7, No. 4, (4)141-(4)148, 1987.

Rummel, J. D., and T. Volk, A modular BLSS simulation model, Advances in Space Research, 7, No. 4, (4)59-(4)67, 1987.

Volk, T., Feedbacks between weathering and atmospheric CO2 over the last 100 million years, American Journal of Science, 287, 763-779, 1987.

Volk, T., Limitations on relating ocean surface chlorophyll to productivity, Advances in Space Research, Vol. 7, No. 2, (2)137-(2)140, 1987. (also, reprinted in Modeling in the Global Ocean Flux Study, U.S. GOFS Planning Report Number 4, U.S. GOFS Planning Office, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass., 1987.)

Gaffin, S. R., M. I. Hoffert, and T. Volk, Nonlinear coupling between surface temperature and ocean upwelling as an agent in historical climate variations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 91, 3944-3950, 1986.

Volk, T., and M. I. Hoffert, Ocean carbon pumps: analysis of relative strengths and efficiencies in ocean-driven atmospheric CO2 changes, in The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric CO2: Natural Variations Archean to Present, edited by E. T. Sundquist and W. S. Broecker, pp. 99-110, Geophysical Monograph 32, American Geophysical Union, Wash., D.C., 1985.

Volk, T., Majesty of the sphere, The Sciences, vol. 25, 46-50, 1985.

Volk, T., Multi-property modeling of the marine biosphere in relation to global carbon and climate cycles, Ph. D. thesis (University Microfilms #84-21570), New York University, New York, 1984.

Volk, T., Performance of tornado wind energy conversion systems, Journal of Energy, 6, 348-350, 1982.

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